What exactly is an OB/GYN? A look at the specialists in women’s health

Women’s health is a distinct subject in medicine, as students learn early on in medical school.

OB/GYNS are vital primary care clinicians who specialize in women’s health, yet their position may be confusing. What exactly is an OB/GYN? And what exactly does an OB/GYN perform on a daily basis?

Join us as we delve further into the profession.

What exactly is an OB/GYN?

Starting with a basic definition is an excellent method to get acquainted with any medical topic. So, what exactly does OB/GYN stand for? It’s an abbreviation for two closely related fields. Obstetrics or obstetrician refers to a doctor who cares for women and their infants throughout pregnancy and delivery. Gyn is an abbreviation for gynecology or gynecologist, a doctor who specializes in treating female reproductive issues. This is a branch of medicine that solely treats female patients from adolescence through menopause and beyond.

A woman’s age, intention to create a family and individual health situations all determine what a medical appointment entails. This implies that an ob/patient’s GYN might differ greatly.

What exactly does an OB/GYN do?

Now it’s time to look at the job that these doctors perform. A typical day for an OB/GYN will vary depending on whether they are a generalist or practice an OB/GYN specialist.

It’s rather common for generalists to spend certain days mostly at work. Their clinic visits might include infection testing and treatment, yearly checkups, and pregnancy check-ups. Nonetheless, OB/GYNS should be prepared for the unexpected on days when they plan to spend most of their time in an outpatient environment.

Surgical operations and other procedures, according to the American medical association (ama), are also an important element of what an OB/GYN conducts. Sonograms, cesarean sections, and pelvic laparoscopy are all frequent procedures (a minimally invasive surgery to examine and repair pelvic organs). OB/GYNS on call may deliver infants and conduct a variety of operations at any time.

What are some of the subspecialties of OB/GYN?

While the great majority of OB/GYNS are generalists, the number of OB/GYNS receiving board certification in a subspecialty has lately increased. Intensive care medicine: This specialization includes diagnosing, treating, and caring for severely sick and wounded patients.

Family planning is complicated: an OB/GYN who subspecializes in complicated family planning works with women who have complex problems and consults with other doctors to ensure their patients get optimal reproductive care.

Reconstructive surgery and female pelvic medicine: female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery specialists treat women with pelvic floor issues medically and surgically.

Gynecologic oncology: This OB/GYN specialization trains doctors in approaches for providing the best possible therapy for patients with gynecologic malignancies.

Hospice and palliative medicine: OB/GYNS who practice this specialization work with patients who have life-limiting diseases to improve their quality of life and alleviate their suffering.


Almost every obstetric or gynecological care may be provided by a qualified OBGYN in New Jersey. As a woman, you must visit an OBGYN on a regular basis. If you are pregnant, you should consult an OBGYN before, throughout, and after your pregnancy, since this is the best method to guarantee a safe and healthy pregnancy.